Related, although not part of the CMR, some other initiatives and programmes sponsored by the EU, which share similar general objectives of the CMR, have been identified.
Support to West Africa Integrated Maritime Security
Funded by the 11th EDF, SWAIMS aims to contribute to support the ECOWAS Integrated Maritime Strategy and improve maritime security and safety in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) through a combined approach in legal, technical and operational activities in the region, by addressing two main areas of action:
1. Strengthening legal, governance and law enforcement frameworks to better support maritime security, in particular by establishing strong maritime policies, governance and institutions in GoG coastal States and developing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the collection of evidence at sea, and its use in court;
2. Strengthening law enforcement operational capacities and responses through institutional and technical capacity building, in particular by providing essential equipment for use at sea and on land, along with associated training on use and maintenance, as well as strengthening regional training institutions and the involvement of civil society and the private sector.
3. A third area of activity will ensure effective project management.
SWAIMS is not a CMR project
The regional Maritime Security Programme
MASE aims to enhance maritime security in the ESA-IO region hence contributing to global security and favourable environment for the economic development of the ESA-IO region and beyond. The programme, under the 10th European Development Fund, also aims to strengthen the capacity of the ESA-IO region in the implementation of the Regional Strategy and Action Plan against Piracy and for Maritime Security.
Initiated in 2013 with an approximately €37.5 million budget, MASE supports a regional strategy implemented by regional organisations under a partially decentralised management process coordinated by the IOC and IGAD. The programme is planned to be concluded in 2020.
MASE is not a CMR project.
EUNAVFOR Operation Atalanta
The military framework of ATALANTA is the European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR), with more than 15 European contributing nations. The operation was launched within the framework of the EU Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) in December 2008, at the paroxysm of the Piracy’s threat in the Horn of Africa.
It seeks the following four main goals:
– protection of shipping of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) humanitarian aid to Somalia and protection of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) shipping,
– safeguard of vulnerable shipping,
– fighting the piracy groups,
– monitoring of fishing activities.
Operation ATALANTA will run until December 2020
Eunavfor Operation ATALANTA is not part of the CMR programme.
EUCAP Nestor/EUCAP Somalia
EUCAP Nestor was a civilian CSDP operation supported by military expertise, which is aiming at strengthening the maritime governance capacities of eight countries in the Western Indian Ocean by taking effective control their territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Two work strands have been defined:
– strengthen the sea-going capacities of the Coast Guard in Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania and Seychelles
– train and equip Maritime police forces in Somaliland, Puntland and possibly in Galmudug
The Mission EUCAP Nestor was launched in July 2012 to support countries in the Horn of Africa to develop maritime security. In December 2016, the Council of the European Union decided that the Mission would focus on Somalia, including Somaliland. In December 2018, EUCAP Somalia’s mandate was extended until the end of 2020 with a budget of 66,1 Million Euros.
EUCAP Somalia is not part of the CMR programme.
Support to the Maritime Transport Sector
SMTS, implemented under the 10th EDF, targeted mainly Western and Central Africa countries focusing on technical assistance actions, as well as capacity building and institutional strengthening of regional and continental organisations.
The programme’s actions focused on the following fields :
– Port efficiency, notably simplifying / improving the regulatory framework (including customs procedures) for accelerating clearance of freight;
– Port security, by assisting Africa to implement international standards under the SOLAS Convention and the ISPS Code;
– Reducing negative environmental effects of maritime transport / port operations.
The “piracy and armed robbery against ships” sub-focus is highlighted only where it is necessary to enhance the main components.
The EDF Intra-ACP programme was composed three main projects: FlagPort WACAF, MARENDA (Development of port database interchange mechanism, marine environment protection and emergency response performance) and IPSEA (Improvement of Port Safety and Efficiency in Africa).
SMTS was not a CMR project.
Piracy, Maritime Awareness & Risks
2010/2015 – finished
Under the name PMAR (Piracy, Maritime Awareness & Risks), three projects have been carried out by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre to strengthen the maritime awareness capacities of authorities in West and East Africa for the long term.
The first project followed a resolution by the European Parliament on piracy at sea. The PMAR projects concerned in-depth studies and trials of technologies to build up maritime awareness, and how these tools can be used by the authorities in the regions affected by piracy. It included research to assesses the usefulness of various data sources, explore ways to integrate them, and quantify their relative contributions.
The first two PMAR projects focused the Horn of Africa (from 2010 to 2012) and on the Gulf of Guinea (from 2011 to 2013). The most recent one, PMAR-MASE, ran between July 2014 and October 2015, and included the provision of the real-time maritime situational picture of the entire Western Indian Ocean to two operational authorities, in Kenya and the Seychelles, for one whole year.
As a part of the European-funded MASE program for the enhancement of maritime security in the Eastern-Southern Africa / Indian Ocean (ESA-IO) region, it widened the scope of the maritime awareness beyond only counter-piracy.
The PMAR actions were not part of the CMR programme