Related, although not part of the CMR, some other initiatives and programmes sponsored by the EU, which share similar general objectives of the CMR, have been identified.
Support to West Africa Integrated Maritime Security
Funded by the 11th EDF, SWAIMS aims to contribute to support the ECOWAS Integrated Maritime Strategy and improve maritime security and safety in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) through a combined approach in legal, technical and operational activities in the region, by addressing two main areas of action:
1. Strengthening legal, governance and law enforcement frameworks to better support maritime security, in particular by establishing strong maritime policies, governance and institutions in GoG coastal States and developing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the collection of evidence at sea, and its use in court;
2. Strengthening law enforcement operational capacities and responses through institutional and technical capacity building, in particular by providing essential equipment for use at sea and on land, along with associated training on use and maintenance, as well as strengthening regional training institutions and the involvement of civil society and the private sector.
3. A third area of activity will ensure effective project management.
SWAIMS is not a CMR project.
Support to Central Africa Maritime Security and Safety Strategy
Also funded by the 11th EDF, PASSMAR intervenes in the domain of maritime security and safety and the strengthening of maritime governance in Central Africa. Targeted activities will have the aim of supporting the maritime cooperation sectors in the field of operationalisation of the collective mechanism of maritime security and safety; strengthening the judicial frameworks dedicated to maritime security and safety, both on the institutional level and on the operational and normative ones; and supporting the participation to the activities of the civil societies and private sectors.
PASSMAR is not a CMR project.
Improvement of Regional Fisheries Governance in Western Africa
The overall objective of PESCAO is to enhance the contribution of fisheries resources to sustainable development, food security and poverty alleviation in West Africa. The specific objective is to improve regional fisheries governance in Western Africa. The specific objective is to improve regional fisheries governance in Western Africa through better coordination of national fisheries policies. The expected results/outputs are:
- A Western African fisheries and aquaculture policy is developed and coordination of regional stakeholders is improved;
- Prevention of and responses to IUU fishing are strengthened through improved Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) at national and regional levels;
- Marine resources management at the regional level is improved, building resilience of marine and coastal ecosystems to perturbations.
PESCAO is not a CMR project.
Programme to Promote Regional Maritime Security
The MASE programme ensure full coordination with stakeholders in the region dealing with maritime capacity building. The overall objective of the programme is to enhance maritime security in the ESA-IO region hence contribute to global security and create a favourable environment for the economic development of the ESA-IO region and beyond.
MASE bases its actions on five results: alternative livelihoods through vocational development initiatives and advocacy against piracy are supported and maritime coordination mechanisms are reinforced in Somalia; National/regional legal, legislative and infrastructural capability for Arrest, Transfer, Detention and Prosecution of Pirates is developed and/or strengthened; regional capacity to disrupt the financial networks of pirate leaders and their financiers while also addressing the structural vulnerability factors and minimise the economic impact of piracy, is strengthened; national and regional capacity for maritime tasks and support functions are enhanced; regional coordination and information exchange is improved.
MASE is not a CMR project.
PORT SECURITY PROGRAMME
Port Security and Safety of Navigation in Eastern and Southern Africa and Indian Ocean
The Port Security Programme aims at improving port security and the safety of navigation in the overall region. To that end it will strengthen the capacities of maritime affairs authorities, government and port agencies, inter alia, to undertake Port State Control Inspections on board and it will ensure the transposition and implementation of international legislation.
The programme also aims at improving port security legislation and at the adoption of the related compliance framework and its effective enforcement by the ports of the region. This component would address compliance with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code and preparation of a Port Security Plan as well as implementation of a cargo targeting mechanism to track illicit trade, drug trafficking and smuggling of weapons. Finally the Port Security Programme will support the development of regional information sharing, reporting and exchange of data on cargo and passengers. This involves capacity building for Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) and Customs Officers to track terrorist or organised crime actors travelling to the region as well as identification and seizure of suspicious cargoes and shipments.
The Port Security Programme is not a CMR project.
EUNAVFOR Operation ATALANTA
The military framework of ATALANTA is the European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR), with more than 15 European contributing nations. The operation was launched within the framework of the EU Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) in December 2008, at the paroxysm of the Piracy’s threat in the Horn of Africa.
It seeks the following four main goals:
– protection of shipping of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) humanitarian aid to Somalia and protection of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) shipping,
– safeguard of vulnerable shipping,
– fighting the piracy groups,
– monitoring of fishing activities.
Operation ATALANTA will run until December 2020
Eunavfor Operation ATALANTA is not part of the CMR programme.
Enhancing Security and Cooperation in and with Asia
The ESIWA project, implemented in India, Indonesia, South Korea and Vietnam has been designed in a way to complement sectoral dialogues such as, for example, the Security and Defence Dialogue, the Counter-Terrorism/Maritime Security/Cyber Dialogues or any other form of relevant consultation with the pilot countries with tailor-made cooperation measures at variable geometry, i.e. according to strategic EU interests in the thematic domains; partner interests; and opportunities and milestones in regional and international security processes and organisations.
The overall objective of the action is to enhance the EU’s security and defence cooperation in and with Asia.The specific objectives (outcomes) of ESIWA n are:
1. Policy Dialogue
To support with practical activities dialogues or other forms of relevant consultation in the realm of security that the EU is conducting with partner countries.
2. Cooperation and Capacity Building
To promote greater convergence between the policies and practices of the EU and the partner countries in the field of security, taking due account and promoting the implementation or (further) development of National Action Plans on UNSCR 1325 on women, peace and security.
3. Public Diplomacy
To increase international awareness and acknowledgement of the EU as a security provider.
ESIWA is not part of the CMR programme.