According to this AllAfrica article, four agreements pertaining to enhanced state coordination for maritime security in the western Indian Ocean were signed during a ministerial conference hosted by the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) and the government of Mauritius, with the support of the European Union, an observer member of the IOC.

The event was convened to address common threats like piracy and illegal fishing faced by states in the western Indian Ocean region. For instance, $13 billion was lost to maritime piracy in the western Indian Ocean in 2013, and losses as a result of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing amount to $400 million annually according to the IOC.

Two of the agreements fall under the regional Maritime Security (MASE) programme. The first will ensure the exchange and sharing of maritime information through the Regional Maritime Information Fusion Centre (RMIFC) based in Madagascar. State coordinated actions at sea through the Regional Centre for Coordination Operations based in the Seychelles feature in the second deal.

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